国立国語研究所
 
 

Nara Period Series: OverviewINTRODUCTION

Here we publically release under the title "Corpus of Historical Japanese Nara Period Series I, Man'yōshū," data for whole works in Man'yōshū, and under the title "Corpus of Historical Japanese NAra Period Series II, Senmyō," data for 62 Imperial Edicts in the "Shoku Nihongi".

In addition to the "readings" (pronunciations), part-of-speech classifications, and other morphological information annotated in all of the texts, the identity of the composer is also annotated. Note that the language in the corpus is the original language of the classical texts, and modern translations are not provided.

Man'yōshū, Nara Period Series I

Texts

The texts in the Nara Period Series, Volume I are based on the Shinpen Nihon Koten Bungaku Zenshū (Shogakukan Publishing), JapanKnowledge.

Annotation Guidelines

Annotation Guidelines for the Morphological Information in the Nara Period Series will be uploaded on the current page.

Link to the Shinpen Nihon Koten Bungaku Zenshū in JapanKnowledge

We have established a link from the Corpus of Historical Japanese, Nara Period Series (Volume I: the Man'yōshū) to the Shinpen Nihon Koten Bungaku Zenshū (Shogakukan) in JapanKnowledge.
From any entry in the list of examples in the search results from the online search application Chunagon, it is now possible to jump directly to the corresponding page in the Shinpen Nihon Koten Bungaku Zenshū in JapanKnowledge, which contains the source text, a Modern Japanese translation, and footnotes. Users can refer to translations and notes while they analyze Classical Japanese language through corpora.

Note for users

Presentations of research results using the Corpus of Historical Japanese must include a citation taking the general form of the example below (with appropriate modifications depending on the version and the date of access):

  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (Kōno, Tomoaki, et al.) (eds.) (2017) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Nara Period Series, Volume I: the Man'yōshū." (Short Unit Word data 1.0 / Long Unit Word data 1.0, Chunagon version 2.3)https://ccd.ninjal.ac.jp/chj/nara.html (accessed September 29, 2017).

* As long as one of either the version or the date of access is clearly cited, the other can be omitted, as below:

  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2017) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Nara Period Series, Volume I: the Man'yōshū." https://ccd.ninjal.ac.jp/chj/nara.html (accessed September 29, 2017).
  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2017) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Nara Period Series, Volume I: the Man'yōshū." (Short Unit Word data 1.0 / Long Unit Word data 1.0) https://ccd.ninjal.ac.jp/chj/nara-en.html

Users will need to access the Corpus of Historical Japanese through the online search engine Chunagon. Completion of a Users Licensing Agreement is required.
Please refer to the following: The Corpus of Historical Japanese: How to apply

Development Staff

    Developers

  • Kōno, Tomoaki (Assistant Professor, The University of Tokyo / Former Postdoctoral Research Fellow, The National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)

    Assisting in Development

  • Ogiso, Toshinobu (Professor, The National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)
  • Oka, Teruaki (Project Assistant Professor, The National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)
  • Ebina, Midori; Suzuki, Takao (Technical Staff, The National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics)
  • Furukawa, Yūko (Production assistant)

* Titles are current with the time of development.

The corpus compilation was supported by the "Construction of Diachronic Corpora and New Developments in Research on the History of Japanese" (2016-) project and JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP15H01883 (2015-2019).

Senmyō, Nara Period Series II

Overview

In the "Shoku Nihongi" (a historical record of the Nara and Early Heian Periods) there are 62 Senmyō (Imperial Edicts), and the part that these comprise has been incorporated into the present resource. As texts written employing Man'yōgana (wherein a given character corresponds to a phonemic unit) to represent the native Japanese of the period, these Senmyō are regarded as being crucial data for research into a historical period of the Japanese language for which native Japanese sources are scarce.

This corpus has the following characteristics:

  • In all of the texts morphological information ("reading" (pronunciation), part-of-speech, inflection, etc.) is annotated for Short Unit Words and Long Unit Words;
  • For the main text, some corrections were carried out, and a transliteration into kanji-kana mixed writing was made with punctuation added;
  • For place names, numbers, and kambun idioms which are difficult to read, annotation for both Chinese readings and native Japanese readings has been entered as morphological information for single items.

Source Text

The main text for Nara Period Series II: Senmyō is based on text data from Kitagawa, Kazuhide (1982) Shoku Nihongi Senmyō. Kōhon. Sōsakuin [Imperial Edicts from the Shoku-Nihongi: Critical text and general index].

About the coverage of the texts

In principle the entirety of a given text is taken as the object for annotation. Introductions, prefaces, publishing information, front matter, back matter, cover, speaker "cues" and the like are all included, but all such elements are distinguished as being separate from the main text. However, frontispiecies (illustration) and advertisements are considered outside the coverage of texts.

Annotation Guidelines

Please read before using.

Note for users

Presentations of research results using the Corpus of Historical Japanese must include a citation taking the general form of the example below (with appropriate modifications depending on the version and the date of access):

  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (WU, Ning Chen, et al.) (eds.) (2020) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Nara Period Series, Volume II: Senmyō." (Short Unit Word data 1.0 / Long Unit Word data 1.0, Chunagon version 2.5)https://ccd.ninjal.ac.jp/chj/nara.html#senmyo (accessed April 1, 2020).

* As long as one of either the version or the date of access is clearly cited, the other can be omitted, as below:

  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2020) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Nara Period Series, Volume II: Senmyō." https://ccd.ninjal.ac.jp/chj/nara.html#senmyo (accessed April 1, 2020).
  • National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (2020) "Corpus of Historical Japanese, Nara Period Series, Volume II: Senmyō." (Short Unit Word data 1.0 / Long Unit Word data 1.0) https://ccd.ninjal.ac.jp/chj/nara-en.html#senmyo

Users will need to access the Corpus of Historical Japanese through the online search engine Chunagon. Completion of a Users Licensing Agreement is required.
Please refer to the following: The Corpus of Historical Japanese: How to apply

Development Staff

    Developers

  • WU, Ning Chen (Adjunct Researcher); Ikeda, Yukie (Professor, Chuo University); Tetsuya, Sunaga(Associate Professor, Showa Women's University)

    Assisting in Development

  • Ogiso, Toshinobu (Professor)
  • Kondō, Asuko (Adjunct Researcher); Matsuzaki Yasuko (Postdoctoral Research Fellow)
  • Ebina, Midori (Technical Staff)

* Titles are current with the time of development.

The corpus compilation was supported by the "Construction of Diachronic Corpora and New Developments in Research on the History of Japanese" (2016-) project and JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP15H01883 (2015-2019).

 
 
event
unidic_bnr

日本語をはじめとする言語を分析するための基礎資料として、書き言葉や話し言葉の資料を体系的に収集し、研究用の情報を付与したものです。